Désaccord Pentagone-département d’Etat sur les conséquences de Cablegate

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Désaccord Pentagone-département d’Etat sur les conséquences de Cablegate

Une nouvelle postée à la date du 9 décembre 2010 par le site GovernmentExecutive.com et présentée dans le numéro du 2 décembre 2010 de National Journal indique un désaccord sérieux entre le département d’Etat et le Pentagone sur les conséquences de Cablegate pour la diplomatie US.

Aussitôt après les premières fuites de Cablegate, le secrétaire à la défense Gates avait minimisé les conséquences de ces fuites. (Voir F&C du 6 décembre 2010, cette déclaration de Gates : «The fact is, governments deal with the United States because it’s in their interest, not because they like us, not because they trust us, and not because they believe we can keep secrets… [S]ome governments deal with us because they fear us, some because they respect us, most because they need us. We are still essentially, as has been said before, the indispensable nation.»)

La nouvelle donne une version complètement différente de l’évaluation faite par le département d’Etat. Sans doute faut-il voir dans cette différence la vision du Pentagone qui, d’une part, conçoit la diplomatie comme une démonstration de force et reste confiant dans sa propre force (domaine de l’illusion de l’hubris américaniste), et qui, d’autre part, minimise ainsi le rôle qu’il accorde au département d’Etat à son propre avantage.

«Taking issue with the appraisal made by Defense Secretary Robert Gates, a top State Department official said on Wednesday the WikiLeaks disclosure of thousands of classified cables have done “substantial damage” to U.S. diplomatic efforts. “It's going to complicate U.S. diplomacy and international cooperation for a long time after the headlines stop,” said the official, who was authorized to speak to reporters on condition of anonymity.

»The senior State official's assessment differed starkly from that offered by Gates, who called the disclosures “embarrassing” and “awkward,” but with only a “fairly modest” effect on diplomacy. Gates was asked whether he had made contact with foreign counterparts about the leaks. He said he had not.

»The senior official said that Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has already acted to try to “mitigate” the effects of the release of thousands of private conversations, leader assessments, and internal instructions. According to the official, 186 countries have been contacted by the U.S. – “virtually everyone who will take our calls.”

»The official said the State Department expects countries to be more reticent in scheduling meetings with high-level officials in the future, and worries that the U.S. inability to secure diplomatic communications will make it more difficult to work together on issues of transnational significance. “We have a lot of work to do to rebuild people's trust,” the official said.»

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