Dans les rues de Kiev...

Brèves de crise

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Dans les rues de Kiev...

Il y a la rhétorique triomphante du regime change par la grâce du Système, le nouveau “président” et le nouveau “gouvernement” en-devenir multipliant communiqués et décisions tellement sérieuses et démocratiques, la cavalerie extrêmement lourde du Système se déployant de l’UE au FMI où Christine Lagarde, qui guigne un poste de circonstance dans l’UE, promet d’être très “arrangeante”, – bref, toutes les perspectives d’une “super-Grèce” pour l’Ukraine libérée. Et puis il y a la rue, c’est-à-dire la vérité de la situation...

Kim Sengupta, de The Independent, envoie ces quelques impressions, rencontres, brefs échanges avec l’un ou l’autre, des rues de Kiev, daté de ce 23 février 2014. C’est après le retour pseudo-triomphal de “la princesse du gaz”, Timochenko, et la disparition dans un trou noir pseudo-ukrainien du président démissionné/non-démissionnaire Ianoukovitch. La rue bruisse de la présence des diverses milices nationalistes, du ressentiment contre la corruption des dirigeants en général, comprise la Timochenko (“il y a eu du chahut”, écrit Sengupta pour décrire l’accueil de la foule fait au retour public de l’ancienne Premier ministre sortie de sa prison par un vote-express de la Chambre), de l’incertitude des périodes d’un vide politique brutal. A Kiev, qui contrôle quoi et de quel “nouveau régime” s’agira-t-il ? L’affaire ukrainienne n’est pas finie...

«On Saturday night the prime attraction on the stage in the Maidan, as the square is known, was Yulia Tymoshenko, freed from prison and flown to Kiev to address the crowd of more than 50,000. There was heckling: it had not been forgotten that her seven-year sentence was for abusing her position as Prime Minister. There were also reminders that there had been a shift in the balance of power. “She will not be running this country again – things have changed,” said Hryhoriy Bandarenko, using an arm to clear a path; the other was entwined with that of another man who was held equally firmly on the other side. Behind them were more prisoners. They were marched through the crowd, out of the barricades, on to a minibus and driven off.

»A pair of men stopped anyone from approaching the vehicle. Both were wearing body armour, helmets, blast-proof glasses, kneepads and carrying Kalashnikov AK-47s. They were taciturn, refusing to say who they were; one just muttered “security”. The detained men? They had “harmed the people”. Political groups previously on the fringes are in the ascendancy. Those on the side of the opposition played a prominent part in the vicious fights with the police and are now controlling the streets of the Kiev. Those loyal to the government, who victimised protesters without fear of legal repercussions were in retreat in the capital, but have strongholds elsewhere.

»The fear is that the extremists will hold increasing sway with the country in a state of political limbo...

»It was Mr Yanukovych's refusal to sign the first step of a membership process to the European Union in November which triggered the uprising. But the Right Sector, unlike many of the other protest groups, does not support joining. “We do not see why we should replace the Soviet Union with the European Union”, said Mr Bandarenko. The agreement last Friday, between the government and main opposition parties, “failed because it was imposed on us by EU foreign ministers. The current political system is rotten; we shall replace it.”

»Right Sector's leader, Andriy Tarasenko, insisted that although the organisation is an umbrella group of nationalists such as White Hammer and Patriot of Ukraine, most of the members are ordinary people without strong political convictions who want to stand up against corruption and abuse...»


Mis en ligne le 24 février 2014 à 14H06

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