La Guerre de Sécession continue à avoir lieu

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La Guerre de Sécession continue à avoir lieu

Comme on peut le voir par ailleurs et fort à propos, dans notre F&C de ce même 13 avril 2010, la “deuxième guerre de sécession”, se frayant son passage dans les voies du système de communication, est en plein développement.

Nous donnons ici trois extraits concernant la polémique sur les causes de la Guerre de Sécession, – Civil War, selon le choix qu’on en fait. Deux extraits actuels, un plus ancien, très intéressant à cause de l’auteur.

• Un extrait d’un texte de Patrick J. Buchanan, de The American Conservative le 8 avril 2010, aussi bien sur les causes de la guerre que sur les “terroristes”, – de quel côté se trouvaient-ils, en vérité? De toutes les façons, qu’importe, Buchanan est classé sous le label “raciste” et tout ce qu’il écrira n’y changera rien. Raison de plus pour le lire, sans s’intéresser à leurs empaquetages.

«In his first inaugural, Lincoln sought to appease the states that had seceded by endorsing a constitutional amendment to make slavery permanent in the 15 states where it then existed. He even offered to help the Southern states run down fugitive slaves.

»In 1862, Lincoln wrote Horace Greeley that if he could restore the Union without freeing one slave he would do it. The Emancipation Proclamation of Jan. 1, 1863, freed only those slaves Lincoln had no power to free — those still under Confederate rule. As for slaves in the Union states of Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri, they remained the property of their owners.

»As for “terrorists,” no army fought more honorably than Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Few deny that.

»The great terrorist in that war was William Tecumseh Sherman, who violated all the known rules of war by looting, burning and pillaging on his infamous March to the Sea from Atlanta to Savannah. Sherman would later be given command of the war against the Plains Indians and advocate extermination of the Sioux.

»“The only good Indian is a dead Indian” is attributed both to Sherman and Gen. Phil Sheridan, who burned the Shenandoah and carried out Sherman’s ruthless policy against the Indians. Both have statues and circles named for them in Washington, D.C.

»If Martin thinks Sherman a hero, he might study what happened to the slave women of Columbia, S.C., when “Uncle Billy’s” boys in blue arrived to burn the city...»

• De Eric Palmer, sur ELP Defen(c)se, le 12 avril 2010. Preuve de l’universalité du sujet et de l’intérêt de la polémique soulevée… Palmer ne s’intéresse sur son site qu’aux sujets de défense de notre époque (notamment le JSF, qu’il ait d’une haine quasiment confédérée). Pourtant, il s’est attaché à cette question, tout en précisant que, citoyen américain, ses ancêtres de ses deux branches familiales servirent tous dans les armées du Nord.

«Even if the horrors of slavery did not exist, the Civil War could still have happened. For instance; even as far back as the 1830s there were problems with the agrarian South complaining about the the political influence of the industrial North putting tariffs on imported textiles from Britain. Guess where Britain got some of their cotton? The Civil War wasn’t the first time some thought about seceding from the union.

»While it was the primary cause, the American Civil War wasn’t just about slavery. If it was President Lincoln could have declared their freedom as soon as the war started if not sooner. The American Civil War was also about States rights. It is after all the United States of America and not the United Federal Government of America. A concept we are facing again today with an all-knowing and oppressive Federal Government largess.

»The after effects of this war are many. Slaves were freed but eliminating racism still has a long row to hoe. I say “eliminate” but it is more realistic to say “reduce”. There will always be ignorant people…»

• Ênfin, la troisième citation est de Ron Paul, le fameux député texan, qui occupe une place si originale dans le parti républicain et sur l’échiquier politique US. Ron Paul répond ici à une interview de MSNBC.com, du 23 décembre 2007, de Tim Russert. Nous donnons le passage concernant l’esclavage, la Civil War, etc.

Tim Rusert : «Our issues this Sunday: Our Meet the Candidates 2008 series continues, an exclusive interview with Republican Ron Paul. He has served in the U.S. House of Representatives for 18 years. In 1988 he was the Libertarian Party candidate for president. Since October he has raised nearly $19 million. That is more than any other Republican candidate for president. Our guest, Dr. Ron Paul.»

[…]

Tim Rusert : «You would vote against the Civil Rights Act if, if it was today?»

Rep. Paul : «If it were written the same way, where the federal government's taken over property – has nothing to do with race relations. It just happens, Tim, that I get more support from black people today than any other Republican candidate, according to some statistics. And I have a great appeal to people who care about personal liberties and to those individuals who would like to get us out of wars. So it has nothing to do with racism, it has to do with the Constitution and private property rights.»

Tim Rusert : «I was intrigued by your comments about Abe Lincoln. “According to Paul, Abe Lincoln should never have gone to war; there were better ways of getting rid of slavery.”

Rep. Paul : «Absolutely. Six hundred thousand Americans died in a senseless civil war. No, he shouldn't have gone, gone to war. He did this just to enhance and get rid of the original intent of the republic. I mean, it was the--that iron, iron fist..

Tim Rusert : «We'd still have slavery.

Rep. Paul : «Oh, come on, Tim. Slavery was phased out in every other country of the world. And the way I'm advising that it should have been done is do like the British empire did. You, you buy the slaves and release them. How much would that cost compared to killing 600,000 Americans and where it lingered for 100 years? I mean, the hatred and all that existed. So every other major country in the world got rid of slavery without a civil war. I mean, that doesn't sound too radical to me. That sounds like a pretty reasonable approach.»

Comme l’on voit, nous ne faisons guère de place à l’approche conventionnelle, made in system, de Mr. Martin, de CNN.News. Nous imaginons que sa vertu parle d’elle-même.

 

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