Dynamique antiguerre dans l’Ukraine de Kiev

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Dynamique antiguerre dans l’Ukraine de Kiev

Un très long article à partir du site TruthOut.org (le 1er août 2014), relayant le site Rabble (le 31 juillet 2014), de l’activiste Roger Annis, apporte une ouverture très intéressante sur la situation dans ce que nous désignons très approximativement comme l’“Ukraine de Kiev”. (Article, avec notamment des éléments venus d’un article en russe du 28 juillet 2014 du site Rabkor.) Il s’agit d’un mouvement antiguerre, essentiellement venu des mères des jeunes conscrits appelés sous les drapeaux, encore très récemment avec la troisième décision de mobilisation du 22 juillet par le président et néanmoins “roi du chocolat” Porochenko. L'évolution est celle du conflit du Donbass devenant une “sale guerre” pour la population de l'Ukraine de Kiev, comme le fut le Vietnam pour les USA ou l'Afghanistan (guerre des années 1980) pour l'URSS. Certaines situations spécifiques sont intéressantes, comme celle de la région de Bukovina, dans l’Ukraine du Sud-Ouest, où des habitants de sept villages ont bloqué des routes le 28 juillet ; l’intérêt de cet épisode est qu’il concerne une population largement d’origine roumaine, avec des liens avec la Roumanie voisine.

Nous donnons quelques extraits de l’article, extrêmement long comme nous l’avons dit, avec nombre d’autres précisions, et également une partie consacrée à la situation du conflit en cours dans le Donbass. Tout cela se poursuit dans une situation économique et sociale extraordinairement contrainte dans l’Ukraine de Kiev, avec l’application des consignes d’austérité du FMI et de l’Union Européenne. Cet ensemble, hors du conflit du Donbass, présente une évolution catastrophique très rapide qui devrait avoir, à un moment ou l’autre, et cela tout aussi rapidement certes, des effets majeurs sur la stabilité de l’Ukraine pro-bloc BAO  ; il s’agit d’un nouveau facteur à très rapide rythme d’opérationnalisation, qui a la potentialité de produire également et logiquement des effets importants de modification de la situation de toute la crise ukrainienne, de la situation des voisins occidentaux (de l’UE et/ou de l’OTAN) de l’Ukraine, et enfin de la situation de la crise générale d’affrontement du bloc BAO avec la Russie elle-même.

«A rising wave of antiwar and anti-conscription protest is taking place in cities and towns across western Ukraine. The protests are prompted by the announcement of Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko ten days ago that a “third” military mobilization is now required for the war that his governing regime began waging against the population of eastern Ukraine three months ago. Kyiv calls the war an “anti-terrorist operation.” The protests are paralleled by a rise in Ukraine army desertions and refusals of men and women to heed conscription orders. [...]

»Kyiv is in a race to defeat the rebellion before the crippling cost of it all as well as rising antiwar protests and army desertions bring its offensive to a halt. It also has to worry about anticipated revolts by the Ukraine population as a whole once the harsh consequences of the economic association agreement that Kyiv signed with the European Union on June 30 bite deeper and deeper. Although the propaganda websites of the Kyiv government boast of the successes of its now three-month long “anti-terrorist operation” in eastern Ukraine (which it dubs its “ATO”), the special mobilization measure approved last week shows its war is in trouble. More fighting units are needed, the national treasury is effectively bankrupted by it all and there are rising numbers of desertions from the army and growing protests by mothers, wives, friends and neighbours of conscript soldiers. ICTV reports that the advisor to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Anton Gerashenko, has announced that anyone in Ukraine who agitates on social media against the regime's war will be arrested.

»The expanding protests have multiple messages. Some oppose the war outright. Others are specifically addressing the harsh and dangerous conditions that soldiers are facing in the east. One of the most dramatic of the many protests since the “third mobilization” measure was announced has been in the port and shipbuilding city of Mykolaiv (also spelled Nikolaev), on the Black Sea, east of Odessa. Mothers and wives of soldiers repeatedly blocked the Varvarovsky Bridge over the Bug River for three days beginning July 25. They demanded a return of their sons or husbands from lengthy tours of duty in the 79th Paratroop Regiment. The tours have been extended and the regiment has suffered intense combat.

»The women went on foot to the bridge carrying placards reading “Save our boys!” and used a pedestrian crossing to block traffic. Tussles with police and militia took place. [...] On the first day of the protest, the women drafted a letter to President Poroshenko which the mayor of the city and regional governor agreed to deliver. The women said their action would not end until they received a satisfactory reply. They didn't receive that. A police mobilization ended the blockade on July 27. Some protesters were arrested.

»The websites Hronika.info and ZIK.ua report that in the town of Bohorodchany in Ivano-Frankivsk oblast (region), in southwest Ukraine bordering the Carpathia region, angry people attacked the military registration office and the premises of other local organs of power on July 22. They burned conscription documents. [...] It's a rural region and protesters sounded a theme that is common to many of the anti-conscription protests: they say their menfolk lack proper training and equipment and therefore face “certain death” when sent to the east. [...]

»“Go fight your own war,” they tell the conscription officer, who tells locals to “go to the Internet” if they want to find out why the new mobilization is happening. He is referring to the Kyiv regime’s intensely propagandistic websites devoted to all things “ATO.” But the protesters are having none of that. They gather dozens of blue-coloured conscription orders into a pile and burn them. As they stand around watching the flames, they're all voicing their opinions. One mother says, “[Kyiv authorities] are fleeing like rats from a sinking ship, but they come here to take our sons and send them to death. They made the mess and now they need us to clean it up.” The conscription officer stands by helplessly. What can he do? He is following orders. [...]

»Many protests are voicing a “No Afghanistan in Ukraine” demand. This harkens back to the ten-year war that the Soviet Union fought against the people of Afghanistan, beginning in 1980. Altogether, 14,500 soldiers of the Soviet Union's army died, 54,000 were wounded and many, many more Afghans died. The war was a major factor in the collapse of the Soviet Union, which happened not long after it withdrew from Afghanistan in ignominious defeat in 1988. Post-Soviet, independent Ukraine later joined the U.S.-led occupation and war in Afghanistan. A small force still participates.

»The well-known Ukrainian television journalist and commentator Ostap Drozdov has called for a boycott of the latest mobilization decree. The website Russkaya Vesna reports him saying: “My program yesterday (on the regional television channel ZIK) can be considered the start of an informal campaign to boycott the mobilisation. I state my intention to give my utmost support to this initiative, which goes by the provisional name ”Mobilisation Equals Genocide.’” He said, “It is very important that people who speak out against the mobilisation of the civilian population should see that they are not isolated. There are a great many of them”...»

Mis en ligne le 4 août 2014 à 04H33