Mesure de la catastrophe NSA pour les USA

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Mesure de la catastrophe NSA pour les USA

McClartchy.News publie le 12 février 2014 un long article sur les conséquences de la crise-Snowden/NSA pour les USA, et notamment par rapport à ce qui était la certitude des USA d’une domination absolue du marché du cloud computing. Il s’agit d’une catastrophe de la sorte dont peu de branches industrielles avancées ont eu à subir de tels effets dans l’histoire économique. L’index principal de cette catastrophe s’appelle “confiance” (confiance dans les USA), et cet index s’est complètement effondré...

«German Interior Minister Thomas de Maiziere summed up the fears of Germans, asking “whether the Internet can be made secure again or whether this is an illusion.” But there was less to wonder about in his conclusion: “We are dealing with a crisis of confidence.”»

Lisant cela, comme le reste du reportage de McClatchy, on devrait se découvrir, si l’expérience n’était déjà là, absolument stupéfait devant le spectacle d’un président de la république (française) osant dire (voir le 12 février 2014) cette extraordinaire énormité, – l’“exception française”, dans toute sa splendeur invertie : “Monsieur Obama et moi-même, nous avons clarifié les choses, et maintenant c’est du passé. La confiance mutuelle a été restaurée”.

On comprend que les affirmations d’Obama durant sa conférence de presse lors de la visite de Hollande, selon laquelle les USA n’ont pas et n’auront pas d’accord de “non-espionnage“ avec aucun pays sonneront méchamment aux oreilles des Allemands, qui exigent un tel engagement. Dans son analyse, McClatchy donne une place massive à l’Allemagne, qui mène la contre-offensive de résistance à la NSA, qui ne se remet absolument pas de ce qui apparaît comme une découverte sensationnelle de la duplicité américaniste. Certains, des esprits forts sans nul doute, souriront devant ce qu’ils jugeront être de la naïveté, ou de la duplicité inconsciente, mais peu importe. Les faits, par contre, importent et chaque nouvelle analyse, chaque nouvelle enquête amplifie la sensation d’un effondrement de la confiance qui, quoi qu’on en pense, était un des ciments de la proximité transatlantique, notamment entre l’Allemagne et les USA. Les mesures suivent...

«When the German version of the FBI needs to share sensitive information these days, it types it up and has it hand-delivered. This time last year, it would have trusted in the security of email. But last year was before Edward Snowden and the public revelations of the scope of the National Security Agency’s PRISM electronic intelligence-gathering program. After Snowden, or post-PRISM, is a new digital world.

»“We’re now carrying our information to our allies on foot,” said Peter Henzler, the vice president of the Bundeskriminalamt, known as the BKA. He was speaking recently at a German Interior Ministry panel on the country’s digital future. The focus of the panel was how to counter U.S. surveillance measures and what it will take for Germans to be safe again on the Web. “We’re no longer using the open Internet.”

»The message is clear: The United States no longer can be trusted not to spy on any and every facet of German life and policy. Henzler’s concerns might sound extreme, but he was hardly alone on his panel, and the worries appear to be an accurate reflection of the wider German, and even European, concern about the reach of the NSA’s surveillance program. [...]

»The American dream of total cloud domination might just be drifting away now. The predictions, at least, see signs of that: By 2016, U.S. companies are expected to miss out on $21 billion to $35 billion in new contracts that they’d been expected to collect, according to some estimates. German cloud companies are posting better-than-expected earnings. There have been signs that some U.S. tech companies might be suffering. Network equipment maker Cisco, for instance, noted government issues when it predicted a revenue drop for the current quarter.

»The new reality is simply that data that passes through the United States isn’t safe. “A year ago, a German cloud was a bad idea,” said Daniel Castro, a senior analyst for the Information Technology & Innovation Foundation in Washington. “German business didn’t want a German product to help them in a global market, they wanted the best product. Today, even if businesses still believe a German cloud is a bad idea, they’re accepting it as a necessary idea.” There’s even a new initiative, “German Cloud,” backed by a variety of German tech companies. The motto is “My company data stays in Germany.” The group offers a German Cloud stamp of approval to imply safe data.

»Castro noted that this is a bad time for the American brand to lose luster. The market is growing, rapidly. Castro is looking for hard evidence that confirms his earlier predictions that the international market share of U.S. cloud providers should fall by 5 percent this year, and up to 20 percent by 2016, because of the spying allegations. “The reaction we’re seeing from the administration appears to be that they’re hoping these concerns will blow over,” he said. “They’re not blowing over. We see long-term problems because once a consumer picks a provider, they tend to stay with that provider.”

»The news could be even worse for American companies. Castro put together his predictions before the news reached the current level. The recent Interior Ministry panel showed just how paranoid Germany has become. Reinhold Achatz, the head of technology and innovation at the German steel giant ThyssenKrupp, noted that “whoever can read data is also likely to be able to change data.” “For example, they could switch off a power station,” he said. “So from my point of view, it wouldn’t be surprising if someone came up with the idea of switching off Germany. I’m serious about that.”»


Mis en ligne le 13 février 2014 à 03H36

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