Et pour le pétrole, ce n’est pas mal non plus

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Rappelant ou découvrant effectivement les multiples facettes de l’énormité considérable du Pentagone, pour les possessions terriennes pour le texte précédent de cette rubrique, nous allons à nouveau pêcher chez TomDispatch (relayé par Antiwar.com) un autre texte, vieux de près d’un mois, sur la consommation en pétrole du Pentagone. Un formidable texte de Michael T. Klare, datant du 15 juin.

Le Pentagone formidable consommateur de pétrole. Plus que la Suisse, si on fait bien les comptes. Le Pentagone, qui s’avère un acteur central de la déstructuration physique et géographique du monde, — ici par la consommation/pollution, là par les investissements terriens qui dégradent l’environnement, — autant qu’il est un acteur central de cette déstructuration par la guerre et la gabegie bureaucratique. Le Pentagone résume notre monde, il résume la modernité, il est la modernité et la crise de la modernité tout ensemble. Pas étonnant que les intellectuels libéraux européens aient épousé sa cause avec enthousiasme depuis le Kosovo (1999). (Pour nos amis qui ont besoin d’un guide pour visiter le zoo de l’autre planète : un gallon fait un peu plus de 4 litres.)

«Sixteen gallons of oil. That's how much the average American soldier in Iraq and Afghanistan consumes on a daily basis – either directly, through the use of Humvees, tanks, trucks, and helicopters, or indirectly, by calling in air strikes. Multiply this figure by 162,000 soldiers in Iraq, 24,000 in Afghanistan, and 30,000 in the surrounding region (including sailors aboard U.S. warships in the Persian Gulf) and you arrive at approximately 3.5 million gallons of oil: the daily petroleum tab for U.S. combat operations in the Middle East war zone.

»Multiply that daily tab by 365 and you get 1.3 billion gallons: the estimated annual oil expenditure for U.S. combat operations in Southwest Asia. That's greater than the total annual oil usage of Bangladesh, population 150 million – and yet it's a gross underestimate of the Pentagon's wartime consumption.

»Such numbers cannot do full justice to the extraordinary gas-guzzling expense of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. After all, for every soldier stationed ''in theater,'' there are two more in transit, in training, or otherwise in line for eventual deployment to the war zone – soldiers who also consume enormous amounts of oil, even if less than their compatriots overseas. Moreover, to sustain an ''expeditionary'' army located halfway around the world, the Department of Defense must move millions of tons of arms, ammunition, food, fuel, and equipment every year by plane or ship, consuming additional tanker-loads of petroleum. Add this to the tally and the Pentagon's war-related oil budget jumps appreciably, though exactly how much we have no real way of knowing.

»And foreign wars, sad to say, account for but a small fraction of the Pentagon's total petroleum consumption. Possessing the world's largest fleet of modern aircraft, helicopters, ships, tanks, armored vehicles, and support systems – virtually all powered by oil – the Department of Defense (DoD) is, in fact, the world's leading consumer of petroleum. It can be difficult to obtain precise details on the DoD's daily oil hit, but an April 2007 report by a defense contractor, LMI Government Consulting, suggests that the Pentagon might consume as much as 340,000 barrels (14 million gallons) every day. This is greater than the total national consumption of Sweden or Switzerland.»


Mis en lignne le 12 juillet 2007 à 10H46

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